I don’t feel I have been overly picky, but lately I can’t even seem to attract Joe Average.
The specific test that indicates if you are infected is the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBs Ag) test.This antigen covers the surface of the virus and usually there are lots of HBs Ag in your blood when you’re infected.If you test positive for HBs Ag for longer than six months, it means you have a chronic hepatitis B infection.But, if you no longer test positive (or “reactive”) for HBs Ag after six months and you develop hepatitis B surface antibodies (HBs Ab), then you have cleared hepatitis B after an “acute” infection.Hepatitis B is transmitted through blood and body fluids.
It can be spread during unprotected sex, unsafe medical procedures, exposure to blood that enters your body through a cut, or by sharing personal items such as body jewelry or toothbrushes.
There are some additional blood tests that your doctor may order to get a better understanding of your infection, but not everyone has access to these tests.
Some tests are rather expensive and they may still need to be repeated over time in order to confirm the diagnosis. The good news is that hepatitis B is not typically an emergency. If you are a healthy adult and are newly or acutely infected, know that your chances are good that the hepatitis B infection will go away on its own.
When a hepatitis B infection lasts longer than six months, it is considered a chronic or long-term infection.
Most people with chronic hepatitis B were infected at birth or during early childhood.
But, some people experience severe symptoms like jaundice (yellowing skin or eyes), severe nausea or vomiting, or a bloated stomach (unrelated to your weight), and they need to see a doctor immediately.