So to know if you’ve been exposed, you need to answer two questions: first, is there HIV present? This may seem obvious, but it’s really important to remember — you can’t get HIV from someone who doesn’t have it in their system.
What this really means is that in order for you to be exposed to HIV, the other person who could be exposing you to it needs to have it.
Emma Kaywin, a Brooklyn-based sexual health writer and activist, is here to calm your nerves and answer your questions. My partner of eight years and I just went to get tested together, and he came back positive for HIV and I came out negative.
Latex and polyurethane condoms (both male/external and female/internal types) are a literal physical barrier against HIV — the holes in those materials are too small for the virus to get through.
However, the same isn’t true for lambskin condoms, which are more porous and allow HIV to pass through.
So the risk can pile up if you’re having sex with an HIV positive person multiple times.
It’s also important to remember that you can get infected the first time you have sex with someone.
That’s because it depends on a number of factors, including how much of the virus is in the other person’s fluids and how it’s getting into your body (through what site).
The important thing to know is that while each time you have unprotected sex with someone who is HIV positive the likelihood you’ll become infected is pretty low (an estimated 0.08 percent if an infected penis goes into your vagina, an estimated 0.04 percent if your penis goes into an infected vagina, and an estimated 1.4 percent if an infected penis goes into your butt), those numbers are true every time you do that act.It’s also important to take into account the amount of virus in the other person’s blood.When someone first gets infected, the virus goes all spring break on your body while your immune system scrambles to retaliate.HIV is related to but distinct from Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS. If you are diagnosed with AIDS, that means that HIV has damaged your immune system and as a result, you are getting sick because your body can’t fight back against other infections.HIV lives in only certain human bodily fluids, and is transmitted into your bloodstream through only certain parts of your body.And then, getting a different result than your partner can be even harder if it brings issues of jealousy into the mix.