On November 16, 1792, resident Robert Simpson wrote to Alexander D.Orr in Lexington, requesting help to appoint a magistrate for Red Banks to deal with some of its 30 families he felt were of dubious (criminal) character.It is part of the Evansville Metropolitan Area, locally known as the "Kentuckiana" or the "Tri-State Area". For more than 100 years the city has been home to the Southern Cherokee Nation.
Postcards from the era show long lines of horse- and mule-drawn wagons piled high with tobacco, waiting their turn to unload for shipment downriver.Some tobacco processors accumulated considerable fortunes. Shortly before World War I, Henderson was said to have more millionaires per capita than any other city in the world.Segments of Audubon and Weaverton were sometimes referred to as the "East End", which held the second-largest business area after downtown Henderson.Henderson had unusual weather patterns in the late 1800s and early 1900s.Henderson, on its bluff, was spared much of the damage that Pittsburgh, Cincinnati, Louisville, Evansville, Paducah and other river cities suffered.
Leigh Harris, the publisher of the Henderson Gleaner and Evening Journal newspapers, wrote, "Henderson is on the river but never in it!A village on this site was called "Red Banks" by the local Cherokee on account of its reddish clay soil.By the early 1790s, Red Banks had a tavern and several European-American families along with the Cherokee.On June 20, 1914, Henderson was hit by a "baby cyclone".Jack Hudgions, local historian and newsman, wrote that "hail as large as partridge eggs" fell for ten minutes and that powerful winds uprooted giant trees "and twisted limbs from shade trees in the city." In the northern part of Henderson, several buildings were blown down and wheat stocks were scattered.Great Britain, however, imposed a high tariff on imported tobacco after the war, wrecking the county and city's export market.